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Annual report 2010
The Khiam Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Torture is a civil non-governmental organization working to combat torture and rehabilitation of victims. The Center was founded on June 26, 1999 (number 143 as granted by the Ministry of the Interior), the culmination of the experience accumulated for follow-up committee to support the issue of the detainees in Israeli prisons and the prisoners gathering supporters.
KRC documents cases of health and psychological assistance for survivors of torture. The center also establishes centers for medical treatment, psychological, physical, and social rehabilitation, vocational, educational, and re-integration of survivors in the community. In addition, KRC defends human rights and protects individuals against torture and violence.
The KRC was named the Khiam Rehabilitation Center because of the events in Khiam prison, which closed on 05/23/2000.
The status granted consultative status at Economic and Social Council of the UN ECOSOC in July of 2010.

Psychosocial Support:

Medical:
In 2010, health support cases represented victims of torture, and distributed health examinations of cases. These cases included home visits, Beirut and Der Seryan center visits, and Medical Days. The data below gives a thorough analysis of these cases :
Month Nb.of cases Female Male Follow up New Direct Indirect Syrian prison Israeli prisons Others Chronic Acute C.S
Jan 101 58 43 39 62 48 53 22 78 1 36 60 5
Feb 70 33 37 25 45 33 37 16 51 3 23 45 2
March 122 73 49 33 89 50 72 31 84 7 21 92 9
April 23 13 10 7 16 11 12 4 15 4 8 12 3
May 12 9 3 2 10 1 11 2 8 2 5 4 3
June 68 37 31 28 40 25 43 0 67 1 51 17 0
July 26 20 6 5 21 5 21 0 24 2 14 9 3
Aug 4 3 1 2 2 2 2 0 4 0 1 2 1
Sep 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 6 0 1 0 5
Oct 7 4 3 7 0 5 2 0 7 0 1 4 2
Nov 24 15 9 18 6 13 11 6 18 0 10 12 2
Dec 18 8 10 13 5 9 9 9 9 0 7 5 6
Total 481 276 205 182 299 205 276 90 371 20 178 262 41
Table number (1)

Table (1) shows the number of beneficiaries of health services in 2010 amounted to 481 cases and inspected cases by medical reviews in Lebanese prisons for 2010 amounted to 268 cases.

Private Hospitals and Clinics:
14 prisoner cases (direct beneficiary or families) include 7 cases to the hospitals and 7 cases to private clinics. The distribution of these cases is listed below:

Hospitals/Doctors Number of Cases Medical services
Beirut Governmental Hospital 0 Medical examinations
Tripoli Governmental Hospital 1 Surgeries
Hasbiye Governmental Hospital 1 Medical examinations
Marjayoun Governmental Hospital 4 Surgeries, medical examinations
Nabatieh Governmental Hospital 1 Medical examinations
Private Clinic 7 Opthamology, gynocology, and neurological services.
Table (2)

Medical Services and Social Sponsors:

Home visits(medical follow-up) Laboratory Tests Payment
184 5 16
Social services (milk, diapers) X- Rays Sugar Tests
3 25 106
Hearing Aids Cardiogram Surgery
1 12 1
Table(3)

The follow up visits represented former detainees in 50 Lebanese villages: Srifa, Bazourieh, Chaaitiyeh, Bourj Al Chamaly, Sur, Tyr, Rib Al Thalathin, Deir Kanoun al Nahar, Toura, Adchit Al Kser, Taybeh, DerSeryan, Markaba, al Jabbin, Saida, Shaba, Dhaira, Beni Hayan, Kfar Kila, Deir Mimas, Borj al Chamaly, Sdikin, Qana, Naqoura, Hasbaya, Kantara, Ter Harfa, Blida, Tallusah, Al Halousiyeh, Burj Rahhal, Shahitieh, Batoulieh, Parish, Maaroub, Ain Baal, Al Klayleh, Tyr al Harra, Wadi Gilo, Mansouri, Bazourieh. In addition other visits in the North consisted of Tebaneh, Beit al Fas, Al Minyeh, Akkar, Qubbeh, Tripoli, al Diniyeh, and visits for the families of the missing in the tent of Riad Solh.

Medial days in the Lebanese regions:
There were 6 Health Days throughout Lebanon and the beneficial examinations amounted to 207 cases.

Date Area Doctors Cases
14/1/2010 Tripoli Dr. Maria Arkhepova (Dermatologist)

Dr. Yasir Htet (Orthopedic Surgeon) 24
9/1/2010 Tyr Dr. Hussain Safa
(General Care)
Dr. Nabil Khashab
(Pediatrician)
Dr. Wahib Salaame (Orthopedic Surgeon) 20
28/2/2010 Bibnine- Tripoli Dr. Hussain Safa (General Care)
Dr. Maria Arkhepova (Dermatologist) 2
(Only two cases because of weather conditions.)
20/6/2010 Der Seryan Dr. Hussain Safa
(General Care) 110
5/7/2010 Der Seryan
(Diabetes Tests) Dr. Hussain Safa
(General Care) 27
22/11/2010 Der Seryan
(International Day for Diabetes) Dr. Hussain Safa
(General Care)
Dr. Galina Htet
(Gynocologist) 24
Total 207
Table(4)

Health seminars:
The center organized a health seminar for women, which included health seminars led by a medical team. The team provided medical advice for inspections and health days. These consultations gave detailed information about diseases such as diabetes, heart conditions, meningitis, breast cancer, cervical cancer, eye inflammation, colds, and gland inflammation.

Date Medical Seminar Location Doctor Participants
2/1/2010 Prevention of Uterus and Breast Cancer Ata al Shaeb Dr.Rima Bandar Women detainees
Table(5)


Medical, Social, and Psychological Assistance

Der Seryan Center: Beit al Aseer—the House of the Prisoners

The Der Seryan Center, Beit al Aseer (House of Detainees) acts as a center where former Israeli and Lebanese detainees receive medical, social, and psychological support and resources. In addition, the center provides recreational activities.
Health and rehabilitation assistance includes: medical examinations and consultations, laboratory tests, physical therapy, follow-up meetings, health seminars, lectures, and awareness campaigns. These resources are provided by medical and psychological doctors and specialists.

* Health inspections:
The medical team examined 164 cases that consisted of prisoners and their families. The data is listed below:

Total Indirect Direct Health Previews

281 164 117




Table(6)



•Health services listed above included laboratory tests for two cases, diabetes examinations for 44 cases, electrocardiography (ECG) for 11 cases, social visits, 56 village prisoner visits in Beit al Aseer, Markaba, Tallusah, Blida, Taiybe, Adchit, Luxer, Kantara, Deir Mimas, Kfar Kila, Beni Hayan, and x-rays for 25 hospital cases, and 5 cases of stitches and removing stitches.

Medical Days:
The center organized 3 medical days in Der Seryan—Beit al Aseer on public health, with doctors (specializing in dermatology, gynecology, public health, and cardiology). In addition, they conducted Diabetes Campaigns on July 14 and on International Day for diabetic patients. The beneficiaries consisted of 161 cases.

The health distribution days included health brochures on diabetes, osteoporosis, and breast cancer.

Medical and Social Services

Medical resources were provided by KRC’s medical team to families of the missing. These families repeatedly visited the center and thus made up 118 cases for the 2010 year.

Follow up/105 New /13
Indirect Direct Indirect Direct
11 49 4 9
Table (7)





Chronic Diseases:

The number of chronic disease cases consisted of 296 individuals. The disease/percentage statistics are listed below.

Precentage Nb.of cases Diseases
19,2 57 Pressure
7,06 21 Membrane inflammation
(stomache \ ulcer)
7,34 22 Back pain
3,04 9 Pulmonary infections (bronchi)
8,7 29 Fats in the blood
3,37 10 Pain in the head
11,15 33 Diabetes
2,06 6 Infections (urinary tract)
4,7 14 Depression
7,7 23 Joints Pain
1,01 3 Gland Infections
0,67 2 Heart Disease
3,71 11 Electricity in the head \ epilepsy
0,67 2 Inflammation of the tendons
0,33 1 Cancer
2,06 6 Nerves
1,01 3 Disc
3,6 12 Asthma
3,37 10 Bone thinning
0,33 1 Sterility
1,68 5 Allergens in the skin
0,67 2 Anemia
0,33 1 Liver Inflammation
0,33 1 Ear Inflammation
0,33 1 Rheumatism
0,33 1 Kidney Inflammation
0,33 1 Anxiety
0,33 1 Parkison’s Disease
0,67 2 Mediterranean fever
2,06 6 Eczema
100% 296 Total
Table(8)



The table shows victims of torture and former detainee medical issues such as diseases, asthma, respiratory problems, and gland infections. These medical issues were created by high levels of moisture and a lack of sunlight in prison rooms and cells. As a result, these conditions caused bacteria and viruses to multiply, creating the diseases. Furthermore, a lack of food and inedible food (food mixed in with stones, carcinogenic products producing tooth decay, a lack of meat, meals one time/day, and small proportions such as one egg for two people) contributed to diseases, stomach pain, psychological issues, immobility, a lack of heating, a lack of health care, and severe beatings. These conditions added to bone pain, muscle pain, arthritis, osteoporosis, disc issues, and rheumatism. Other results included stress, injustice, humiliation, and a failure to meet prisoner demands. Unfortunately, such conditions acted as inhumane activity, below human standards that were implemented in prisoners cells where prisoners food and lodging were located, and a lack of communication between the prisoner and his family were some factors that kept prisoners captive and subdued. Furthermore, conditions that ensued consisted of chronic diseases of high blood pressure, diabetes and lipids in the blood, heart diseases, post traumatic stress disorder and psychological issues. Moreover, skin diseases resulted from a lack of hygiene, health care, ventilation of rooms, and sunlight. These factors contributed to the spread of further medical problems. All prisoners and detainees released showed symptoms of head beatings. These beatings caused consequent pain, headaches, migraines, and epilepsy.

The majority cases of families of the missing ensued in medical conditions of blood pressure issues, diabetes, lipids in the blood, head pain, joints, heart because of indirect psychological torment. Further conditions that ensued were depression, physical, and psychological pain brought on by the inaccessibility and unknown information of their loved ones.

A general reading of the Health Action in 2010:
A reduction of health work, implementation, and progress observed by the comparative table between 2009 and 2010. The table is listed below:

The Medical Services Nb.of cases 2009 Nb.of cases 2010
Total Consultations 802 481
Hospital Transfers 13 7
Private Clinic Transfers 15 7
Home Medical Visits 122 184
Payment 11 16
Physiotherapy 27 sessions 0
Sugar Tests 144 106
Medical Days and Patients Day 12
468 6 Day
207
Health Seminar 3 1
Medical Specialists 17 8
Surgery 1 1
Tabel(9)















The comparison table shows the health benefits proportion from to 2009 to 2010 was weak, reducing beneficiaries in 2009 (802 cases) to 2010 (481 cases). The decline results from critical cases in health services, material development and an inability to meet or to cover all cases in which services were provided from 3 years 2007 ← 2009. This is because the European Union (EU) had previously funded that ended in April 2010. Hospital transfers and private clinic accessibility was conducted in KRC visits to the beneficiaries of the Centre (Beirut, Der Seryan); moreover, KRC medical team visits went from 28 cases in 2009 to 14 cases in 2010. The discrepancy occurred in home visits as the health center tried to specialize in mental health and social impacts for prisoners and families. As a result, this showed the effectiveness in facilitating tasks with all situations and encouraged the cases suffering from health issues.

Medical assistance was provided by KRC to victims and families of the missing for medical needs such as laboratory testing, chemotherapy, medications, radiographs, x-rays etc.

• Work psychological and social health in Lebanese prisons:
In 2010, KRC visited 17 prisons: Tibnin (4), Kubbeh \ Tripoli (1), Tyre (4), Baabda (4), Rashiya (1), Zahle prison for women (2), and Barbar Khazen ( 1). The visits included health activities, social, and psychological days. These visits consisted of KRC’s second tour of prison visits which consisted of a 13 day period, with a focus of four prisons. (Tibnin, Tyre, Baabda, and Zahle) upon a proposal to the Directorate General and thus given the emphasis on women's prisons.

The table above shows the male and female prisoners who benefitted from KRC’s medical and psychological services that constituted to 345 cases.

* Health services:

Out of 268 examined cases, 8 cases were critical diabetes, 4 eye related, and two blood

tests and X-rays, 6 operations regarding abscess, 2 cases of stitching. Furthermore, KRC’s visit to the prisons included doctors specializing in opthamology and gynocology in order to respond to the needs of the prisoners. KRC’s visit also provided seminars regarding diseases such as eye inflammation, APOLO, skin diseases, arthritis, and diabetes because of the spread of the diseases within the prison. In addition, the doctors seminars discussed prevention techniques among prisoners and how to care for the existing health. Moreover, health brochures with detailed information regarding osteoporosis, bone, breast cancer, and diabetes, were distributed to prisoners.

* Psychological Services:

KRC provided psychological services through group and individual counseling sessions for a total of 77 cases. One group of prisoners consisted of 11 individuals and another was for 12 female inmates. The rest of the counseling sessions were individual.

* Social Services:

For the International Day in Support of Victims of Violence and Torture on June 26 KRC provided a service “Qualifier Cosmetics”, a haircutting service to a prison in Baabda. In this prison, 30 inmates received haircuts, while in Barbar Khazen 13 prisoners received haircuts.

* Specialty Physicians Working Group in Lebanese prisons:

The Working Group field visits to Lebanon’s prisons consisted of 13 specialists, 4 doctors, one nurse, 3 psychologists, 3 social workers, 1 female hairdresser, 1 driver, and a mobile clinic KRC brought to the Lebanese prisons. Prior to each prison visit, a KRC doctor would have consultations with the prison administration regarding critical medical cases, health issues, and popular diseases within each prison. These meetings were productive because it provided the KRC doctor with imperative information regarding medications and specialized doctors for prison visits.

Doctors:
In 2010, professionals that worked with KRC consisted of a total of 8 doctors specializing in public health, dermotology, neurology, pediatrics, cardiology, and gynocology.

* Services provided to KRC:
- On January 27, KRC received medication from the Ministry of Health.
- On June 16, KRC received the second installment of medicine from the Ministry of
Health.
- On September 14, the Ministry of Public Health provided KRC with the third
installment of drugs.
- On March 28, KRC purchased the Alkutri Cotarie machine, which extracts the
Alhumaiat Altolol from the body.

Recommendations and Proposals:

- Cooperation with a doctors network consisting of a cardiologist, gynocologist, and dermatologist. These doctors will benefit the recipients with KRC’s medical devices and

provide KRC with consultations with the doctors network monthly.
- Additional follow-up visits to prisoners and the relatives of the missing, as field work has proven the requisite function of such visits, with the added benefit of positive impacts on mental health of victims and their families.
- Cooperation/Partnerships with other organizations. KRC already collaborates with other organizations regarding medical services, but would also like to co-sponsor events with other organizations.
- After evaluating home visits, KRC realized the need to increase and intensify health days and address prisoner needs through the doctors network.
- In Lebanese prisons, continue to collaborate with prison departments, and follow up with legal matters. A critical example of this function are prisoners who have completed their sentences but are still functioning prisoners within the prisons. This function has been a fundamental request of prisoners to Khiam Center.

Social Issues:

The Khiam Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Torture social team facilitated a field tour of several southern villages, northern regions, Beirut, and Daahiya. Consequently, KRC conducted investigations to understand existing individual cases of detention, torture victims, families, and the missing.

The team implemented social and psychological visits for detainees in different areas:

The team conducted 231 social visits.
In the South, the social workers worked with new detainees and they helped them fill 188 social applications, so the victims could be eligible for services.
.
Female Detainees Male Detainees Total Applications
6 182 188

- The social workers conducted follow up visits and provided services to the following:
Der Seryan, Taiybe, Shaba, Adchit Luxer, Markaba, Tyre, Jeb Din, Wadi Gilo, Chaaitiyeh, Srifa, Halousieh, Naqoura, Der Kanoun Nahr, Kliele, Batoulieh, Mansourieh, Ein Baal, Parish, Maaroub, Arnon, al Khiam, Hula, Ter Hafa, Tallusah, Aita al-Shaab, Sidon, al Daise, Kfar Kila, Shebaa, Kfarsir, Baraglieh, and Yarin


Female Detainees Male Detainees Total Visits
18 35 53

For Tripoli, the social worker worked with 40 cases:

New cases Social Visits Total
31 9 40

Beirut:
The team met with working mothers from 11 families of missing persons, the mothers filled out social applications in order for them to receive services from the KRC.


In addition, the social team visited the people of the tent (a group of mothers and sisters who camp out in a tent because their brothers, fathers, and sons constitute for disappearances) 25 times in 2010.

The center organized meetings where KRC provided initial consultations and psychological services to victims and their families. For example, KRC held 10 monthly meetings to mothers and wives of the detainees, and prisoners in Beirut, Tripoli and the South. Furthermore, 5 monthly meetings for women prisoners in Beirut, Tripoli, and the South were held offering the same consultations and services.

2/1/2010 Kobba Weekly meeting/Medical 4
3/1/2010 Aita al Chaeeb Monthly meeting 6
4/1/2010 Mina Weekly meeting/Medical 30
9/1/2010 Tyre Weekly meeting/Medical 6
15/1/2010 Tripoli Weekly meeting/Psychological 4
25/1/2010 Aita al Chaeeb Weekly meeting/Medical 6
8/2/2010 Tripoli Weekly meeting/Psychological 4
13/2/2010 Tripoli Weekly meeting 13
15/2/2010 Tripoli Weekly meeting/Psychological 12
17/2/2010 Beirut Weekly meeting for mother’s of the missing 7
24/2/2010 Beirut Monthly meeting 6
26/2/2010 Tripoli Weekly meeting 6
6/3/2010 Der Seryan Monthly meeting 13
25/3/2010 Beirut Weekly meeting 11
4/4/2010 Der Seryan Monthly meeting 12


On August 29, 2010 held a ceremony for the mother of missing Ibrahim Zain al Din. A trophy for justice and truth was granted to the mother.
Moreover, on August 30, 2010 KRC organized a protest in front of the International Red Cross Headquarters in Beirut. The protest marked the occasion of the International Day of the Disappeared. Families and mothers of the missing in Syrian and Israeli jails attended this function to commemorate the anniversary. Furthermore, KRC sent a letter to Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri demanding the disclosure of thousands of missing persons. In addition, the Center attended an honorary ceremony for Ibrahim Zain al Din in Baq Qlin on October 10, 2010.


Psychological Issues:
Victims of torture, other recipients of KRC visits, and services such as psychological examinations and treatment are listed below:

Location Male Female Total
South 20 12 32
Tripoli 14 1 15
Beirut 3 3
Total 37 13 50


The percentage of psychological counseling for males was 74% and for females was 25%. Furthermore, the South maintained a significant number of 63% compared to 31% of the North, and 5% of Beirut.

The above chart shows 56% of victims. Moreover, 24 victim cases were provided with services such as psychological examinations and prognosis, of which 49% received group and individual counseling.

Disorders:

After evaluating clinical observations and psychological examinations, KRC noted differences between prisoners within the North and the South. Clinical conditions for prisoners in the South consisted of psycho somatic disorder, anxiety, depression, and an inability to reintegrate in society. Moreover, prisoners in the North suffered from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psycho somatic disorder, psychological tension, nerve problems, and an inability to reintegrate in society. The table below expounds on these issues:

Disorders Number Percentage
PTSD 3 6.79
Anxiety 6 13.59
Depression 5 9.70
Social Isolation 4 6.79
Psycho Somatic 24 46.60
No disorders 8 16.50
Total 50 99.97

The table demonstrates the percentage of PTSD increased slightly in 2009 and the majority of PTSD victims were from the Syrian prisons.
Prisoners in the North experienced poor living conditions which resulted in extreme psychological issues. Furthermore, financial pressures, low wages, unemployment, social isolation, psycho somatic disorders, and psychological processes associated with torture added to prisoner’s psychological issues. In addition, 13% of prisoners from Israeli jails suffered from anxiety marked an increased proportion from 2009 due to continued financial pressure, fear of the future, and the return of war. Moreover, depression marked 9%, and maladaptation 6% of prisoners, which reflects a deterioration for social reintegration and well being. Psycho somatic disorder remains at a high percentage of 46%. The relative decline of psycho somatic disorder compared with 2009, shows the benefit of KRC’s medical and psychological services. Furthermore, 16% of prisoners and their families have acclimated into society thus proving the necessity of KRC’s services.

Psychotherapy:

KRC’s psychological staff analyzed 50 cases during the period mentioned in the beginning of the report. Furthermore, psychological examinations have been applied through individual and group therapy.
Improvements in psychotherapy reached 11% which marked a significant improvement for victims. This percentage increase represents victims committed to meetings and appointments. Victims who did not regularly follow up with their visits, yet maintained 3-4 sessions also marked improvement in their psychological progress. As a result of the sessions, 9% of those improved.
According to the 2009 report, KRC recommendations were followed and an increased focus on group dynamics with women detainees ensued. For example, in 2010, KRC held group counseling sessions for the mothers of the missing in the Khiam Center in Beirut, prisoners in Tripoli, and prisoners in the South.
A close inspection of services the center offered to prisoners, parents, children, and mothers of missing persons, include health education, cultural, psychological, social, societal, and recreational activities. These activities constituted to a total of 52 activities in a period of 12 months.

Additional Achievements
- Carried out psychological assessments and diagnosis’, individual group therapy for prisoners and their families, and families of the missing.
- Conducted home visits to prisoners and families in the North and South.
- Provided psychological resources and meetings with prisoners and families.
- Administered tests for psychological trauma and mental disorders.
- Created critical case studies for psychological health.
- Prepared studies about prisoner conditions regarding psychological, economic, and social development.
- Distributed and created brochures regarding psychological issues, health education, and mental health.

New projects:

1- Enterprentnership for refugees:

KRC completed implementation of the project " Entrepreneurship for Refugees," in partnership with International Relief and Development (IRD), from September 28, 2009 to September 27, 2010. The projects aim was to develop skills of Iraqi refugees in Lebanon, provide them with resources to become productive members in society, and promote the opportunity to return to Iraq. These goals were carried out through employment in Lebanon, and assistance with legal residency papers.

The working group, consisted of psychological and social specialists who visited 212 Iraqi families in Beirut and Nabatiyeh. In addition, a team of 20 volunteers conducted 7 training sessions, "basic principles of human rights, communication skills, refugee rights, stress management, social issues, and overcoming fear." Furthermore, the working group, KRC staff, and IRD received two training courses regarding communication skills, management, and writing projects.
Moreover, KRC implemented four training

sessions (PC, Handicraft, computer maintenance, hairdressing) for Iraqi Refugees in Beirut and Nabatiyeh. As a result, 58 Iraqi refugees participated in these trainings.

For the duration of the project, KRC organized medical and psycho-social days for the Iraqi refugees.

- On the World Day for Prevention of Child Abuse, the center organized an activity in the North where 25 Iraqi families attended, as well as a simultaneous activity in the South. 28 families were in attendance.
- On January 14, a medical, psychological, and legal day was arranged in Nouwairy Branch, where 14 Iraqi families attended, 20 Iraqi refugees received medical assistance, 24 had psychological consultations, and 15 sought legal counsel from KRC lawyer, Mr. Ahmad Al Soloh.
- On January 22, KRC arranged an activity for 37 Iraqi children between 3 and 15 years old. The children participated in several activities during the day. They drew, painted, danced, and told stories about their life experience. At the end of the day, the children received gifts.
- On January 25, a seminar entitled “Reproductive Health" was held in Nabateyeh. 35 Iraqi women were in attendance.
- On February 9, Khiam center organized a football game in Daahiyeh between Iraqi and Lebanese youth. The Iraqi team won this game and at the games completion the center awarded medals to the two teams, and a cup was awarded to the coach of the Iraqi team.
- On February 10, a seminar entitled “Reproductive Health" was held in
Beirut, and group counseling (pre-return counseling). 32 Iraqi women were in
attendance.
- On February 18, the center organized a training session on “First Aid” for Iraqi families in Beirut, the session was held by KRC Doctor Dr.Hussain Safa. 26 people were in attendance.
- On March 9, for International Women’s Day, a play “Margins” was presented and a group counseling (about pre-return) was conducted in Baalbak. 68 Iraqi people were in attendance.
- On March 18, KRC arranged group counseling in Beirut with Dr. Hasan al Basy, Bahjat Al Fouad Director(from Iraq) regarding pre return. 125 Iraqi’s were in attendance and received food units.
- On March 19, for Mother’s and Children’s Day, an activity in Nabatieh area
was arranged consisting of the play “Margins”, and at the plays completion
gifts were distributed for mothers and children. 78 families, 249 people were
in attendance.
- On March 26, a Medical and Psycho-Social Day was arranged in Tripoli, 30 people received medical services, 40 families received food packages, and pre return group counseling. 45 Iraqi people from Beirut and Tripoli were in attendance.
- On April 16, a Medical and Psycho-Social Day was arranged in Nabatiyeh, 43 people received medical services, 99 families received food packages, and Mr.Abbas Al Mousawy and Mr.Riad Al Karam conducted group counseling (about pre-return). 99 Iraqi people were in attendance. Activities such as Medical and Psycho-Social Days where Iraqi refugees receive food packages hold significant meaning for the Iraqi’s.
- On April 21, KRC arranged a pre-return counseling with Iraqi Ambassador Omar Al Barzanji in Beirut. This meeting has been the first of its kind taken by an association


working with the Iraqi refugees in Lebanon. The meeting had great importance for the Iraqi refugees to discuss internal problems of which he is a witness to their suffering. 25 people were in attendance.
- On May 18, a Medical and Psycho-Social Day was arranged in Der Seryan, 10 people received medical services, 26 families received food packages, and pre return group counseling was held by Mr. Laith Al Jaboury and Mr. Haidar Al Kazmy. 26 Iraqi people were in attendance.
- On June 12, a Medical and Psycho-Social Day was arranged in Baalbak, 29 people received medical services, 65 families received food packages, Mr. Laith Al Jaboury and Mr. Haidar Al Kazmy held pre return group counseling, and Mona Marmal provided psychological counseling. 65 Iraqi people were in attendance.
- In August 2010, KRC sent 120 food packages and newspapers to Roumieh prison.

Psychological Counseling:
- 51 psychological group counseling sessions were held in Beirut, Tripoli, Tyre, Nabatiyeh, Baalbek, and Der Seryan. 639 people were in attendance.
- 256 psychological sessions were held for 67 Iraqi refugees. The refugees consisted of women, children and men. These sessions constituted to individual counseling sessions and were conducted in Beirut and Nabatiyeh.


2- Minimizing Female Marginalization
The projects aim was to reduce the marginalization of women victims of torture, domestic violence, and was funded by the Open Society Institute. Furthermore, the project was implemented from November 2009 until November 2010 and helped compensate women for a lack of education, facilitate employment, and inform women of their rights. Moreover, KRC strengthened justice mechanisms through advocacy campaigns, courses on violence and torture, and international conventions and tools of vocational training in a variety of rural villages of marginalized women. These women consisted of Lebanese, Palestinian, Iraqi, and other foreign women.

KRC offered psycho-social and medical support to women prisoners in Lebanon who suffer from negligence and a lack of support from their families:
--Baabda prison: 65 women prisoners received psycho-social
and medical support, and 20 received hairdressing services.
--Zahle prison: 35 women received social and health care services.
--Barbar Khazen prison in Beirut: 34 women received support and assistance.
--Tripoli Prison: 52 women prisoners received health and social services and
support.

Training workshops and seminars:
KRC organized several workshops and seminars to increase awareness about women rights in Lebanon:
Training Workshops
Training Torture in Lebanese Legislation: 22 women who work in the field of
human rights attendees.

The language of violence in dealing with women and children:20 school
students.
International conventions and treaties against Torture: 21 attendees.
Violence and adolescence within the family: 16 students.
The verbal and physical violence within the family: 14 attendees. Discrimination between women and men: 12 attendees.
Violence against women: 11 attendees.
Oral and physical violence within the family: 13 attendees.
Reproductive health and sexual cycle: 10 attendees.
The needs of victims of torture: 35 attendees.
Advocacy of marginalized women: 22 attendees.
Advocacy for victims of violence and torture: 15 attendees.
Domestic violence: causes and treatment: 72 attendees.
Statistics about social and economic victims of torture: 18 attendees.
Violence against women: 30 attendees.
Guidance for journalists about the rights of women and violence against women: 14 attendees.

Training courses
KRC organized the following training courses to build the capacities of marginalized women:

Hairdressing courses in five different deprived villages: 74 attendees.
Computer courses in 2 different deprived villages: 41 attendees.
Handicraft courses in five different places: 59 attendees.
English language course in 2 places: 38 attendees.
Cosmetic session: 10 attendees.

International Day Celebrations:
In support of women rights in Lebanon, KRC held activities on four Human Rights International Days:

International Day for Human Rights, December 10
KRC produced a play Margins. It displays the different forms of violence and discrimination against women and domestic workers. This is to increase awareness among participants of the importance of working towards change and rejection of violence. The play was divided into different sections to express different aspects of violence:
The violent husband who becomes aggressive with his wife because of:
--Differences in opinion,
--female employment,
--bearing girls vs. boys,
--discrimination against ugly women,
--male preference for beautiful women.
The domestic violence perpetrated by family members against
each other:
--Parent to child,
--sibling to sibling,
--child to parent.

The play Margins was performed in Berglieh, Lebanon and 200 people were in attendance.

International Women’s Day, March 8
KRC honored 62 former female prisoners from Israeli prisons in Marjayoun and granted the prisoners medals of freedom. In addition, the play Margins was presented in Babel theatre, and 300 people attended the play. Four mothers of forced disappearances in the Palestinian refugee camp, Barj el Barajneh were honored with medals. In addition, the mothers of the tent (in front of the United Nations ESCWA) were honored with 40 medals.

The International Day for Supporting Torture Victims, June 26
KRC held a training workshop on ”Verbal and Physical Violence within the Family”, 16 people attended this workshop. Moreover, KRC offered health, psychological, social support, and social services for women prisoners in Baabda prison. KRC also honored a mother of forced disappearance in Baakleen and held a press conference in the North.

NSA (Non Statement Actors)
KRC began implementing a project to support the skills, strengths, and tools of the staff on December 1, 2010. The project is funded by the European Union in partnership with the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) for a period of three years.
For the project’s inception, KRC launched a radio campaign for International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and advocated for legislation of laws criminalizing violence against women.

On June 24, General Ashraf, a representative of the Director of Internal Security Forces, and a representative of the Ministry of Justice participated in the workshop with representatives of women rights and prison NGOs. At the workshops completion, the recommendations were:

• Amend the texts of the Lebanese Penal Code because the long-standing texts are no longer consistent with reality and changes that took place.
• Create a resolution of overcrowding in prisons, which is both a nascent and integral prison reform goal in Lebanon.
• Develop and implement a comprehensive reform plan that includes of health, psychological, and social reform.
• Improve follow-up prisoner meetings after prison release and sponsorship to remove prisoner returns.
• Develop a law on implementation of sanctions.
• Adopt the principle of alternative sanctions to imprisonment.
• State support to NGOs working in prisons to enable these associations to pursue their work inside prisons.
• Media advocacy to change society's negative prisoner perceptions through implementation of special programs for prisoners.
• Ministry of Education raise awareness in schools regarding rights of the prisoner and remove societal stigmas in the community towards prisoners.
• Review prisoner status, circumstances that led him to commit the offense, and going to jail in order to develop an action plan.
• Implement international conventions on violence, torture, and minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners.
• Accelerate these recommendations by appointing the Prime Minister and submit a working paper on prisons for taking notice of the reality of the Lebanese prisons.

On June 26, for the United Nations Day in Support of Victims of Torture, KRC organized a workshop about conditions of women prisoners in Lebanese prisons under the title "Prisoners in Lebanese Prisons”.

The Working Group had a training at KRC from September 23 to 27 on developing an administrative capacity in planning, leadership, and management. The training addressed management issues, the administrative system adopted, and decisionmaking processes within non governmental organizations. Furthermore, time management, exploitation, and communication skills were discussed.

In addition, KRC organized a regional meeting for centers working in rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture in the Middle East and North Africa in October 2010. The meeting was called “Quality Management”. The purpose of the meeting was to create a uniform management structure and further develop management teams for all centers. As a result, 25 representatives from the region and 2 representatives of IRCT were in attendance.

On December 10, for International Day for Human Rights, KRC organized two events. The events focused on human rights issues and included panel discussions with nonstate actors and stakeholders.
Due to significant discrimination within Lebanon, KRC organized an open dialogue on December 2, 2010 entitled, “Lebanon After the Universal Periodic Review”. This dialogue continued efforts to end unfair treatment and inequality. As a result, representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Security Forces, and other local and international NGOS attended the event and engaged in dialogue regarding the status of human rights in Lebanon. Moreover, participants held a discussion on Lebanon’s Report to the Universal Periodic Review, submitted in November 2010. The document emphasized the important role of local and the international NGOs, and also the government’s effect in prevailing human rights.
At the end of the dialogue, the following recommendations were issued:
• Activate the role of the civil society associations through the holding monthly coordinating meetings.
• Prepare a Shadow Report before holding the sixth session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva in March 2011.
• Create a comprehensive document on the report and conduct a dialogue with the government.
• Urge the ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of Persons against Enforced Disappearance.
• Launch a wide campaign against sectarianism and discrimination.
• Urge the government to issue a united law of personal status.
• Give the woman who is married to a foreigner the right of nationality.
• Consider the 10th of December an International Day for Human Rights, and take an advantage of this day to launch movements against discrimination, torture, sectarianism, and arbitrary enforced disappearance.
• Stand in solidarity with hunger strikers in Lebanese prisons.
• Modify labor laws, with regard to employees in the public sector.
• Amend Article 8, of the Procedural Law.
• Reject using the human rights draft for political purposes.
• Emphasize the formation of a national preventive mechanism to monitor prisons.

The second event was held on December 10, 2010. KRC organized a sit-in in front of Riad el Solh Square tent, located in front of the parliament building. In the sit-in, mothers of disappeared, human rights activists, and KRC staff stood to call for equal rights. The participants held signs and posters that called for eliminating discrimination and sectarianism. On behalf of the families, Ms. Mary Ghawi spoke about the sufferings they confront day by day, while the absence of the clear conciences prevails, and the silence overwhelms their minds. However, she presented the white rose to each of the mothers, hoping that one day, Lebanon would wake up to break the silence of those who continue to perpetuate crimes against humanity by ignoring and violating human rights conventions. She also presented the white roses as a gift of appreciation to all those who have clear consciences and those who value the sanctity of universal human rights.
KRC has published a statement on this day entitled “No for Discrimination”. The statement expressed the Lebanese common suffering and the miserable facts that overwhelms Lebanon in all levels, whether educational, legal, and medical. Moreover, the statement emphasized on urging everyone to put an end to the marginalization and oppression against refugees, prisoners, and the victims of enforced disappearances.

The statement considered the secterianism another facet of torture and a crime against humanity. Therefore, KRC invites all human rights organizations and international asociations to stand still against all forms of discrimination.