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Annual report 2012
Yearly Report 2012
The year of the collapse of the government to a civilian democratic resistance of the sectarianism

Submitted by the Secretary-General
Mohammed Safa

The year 2012 was the year of the collapse of the government at all the levels: the political, economical, social and the security levels. This year witnessed numerous armed clashes in more than one area, kidnapping and abductions and the announcement of republics of tribes, families, and Roumyeh. It also witnessed the kidnapping of Lebanese visitors in Izaz,various political assassinations, notably the assassination of Major General Wissam Hassan, unprecedented sectarian provocations, the sale of fake drugs, expired corrupted meat, the paralysis of the Chamber of Deputies, the flow of Syrians refugees into neighboring countries, more provocations and the attack on the Lebanese army, the ultimate symbol of governmental unity.

Lebanon has become a group of tribal and sectarian governments endorsed politically and financially by the ruling political parties. The Lebanese government hijacked by warlords denominations is the weakest enterlocutor, where its deficit reached the extent that the ruling political class has become unable to create an electoral law that guarantees its continuing control: at times the law of the sixties and at other times the orthodoxian law or the search for a strange mixture among several laws that aim at (under the pretext of certain concerns) only to secure the sectarian and the political control and not the people's concerns and interests. The government has even left apart the governmental employees and the public administrations who have become regular attendees in the demonstrations.

All citizens' rights are violated, and when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights contains 30 articles on human rights, these rights are violated in Lebanon from the first article till the thirtieth article.

The announcement of the National Plan for Human Rights in the Chamber of Deputies on 12/09/2012 can be considered an important event, despite numerous comments and observations, but the death of the plan is the escape from the sectarian approach, an issue that was and is still the main obstacle to any democratic and civilians development in Lebanon.

Sectarianism and human rights are two lines which could never meet, and all human rights in Lebanon, from the right of citizenship to children of women married to foreigners, to the project of the criminalize of domestic violence, to the issue of abolishing the death penalty to the election law, and to the personal status, to the civil marriage, all remain pending and all hit the barrier of sectarianism and racism behind which the political classes with all its wings are hiding.

A national Plan for Human Rights that do not put at the heart of its priorities the fight against the sectarian monster is just a plan directed to the media and not a plan to be implemented, because it did not stem from the Lebanese needs and reality and its problems, but is a mere copy of the statements and articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Even humanitarian and civil organizations distanced itself from the fundamental human rights issues, for example the issue of George Ibrahim Abdallah held in French prisons 28 years ago did not receive the attention of these organizations, although it is at the heart of the principles of human rights and democratic principles. Although a French judicial decision was issued to release this Lebanese citizen, most of the local Lebanese and international organizations did not utter a word about this case to please or sell out the case to the French government.

Also the issue of the Lebanese hostages in Izaz remained the issue of their families and did not turn into a global humanitarian issue, and the silence is the master of the situation because of the reluctance of the Lebanese government and the remoteness of the organizations (including the United Nations) from this humanitarian issue including.

The issue of Roumieh prison and others Lebanese prisons that is one of the grossest violations of human rights due to the lack of trials and the conversion of the prison to places of torture and promotion of drugs outside the authority of the government. Most organizations do not concern for this issue despite the movements of the prisoners’ families to expose what is really going behind the walls of this prison, but still are implementing various projects in these prisons.
Even for some political and personal reasons aborted the formation of the national preventive mechanism for the prevention of torture in prisons because some preferred to be integrated into an imaginary project is the National Plan for Human Rights.

As to the decree concerning forming the Independent National Commission for the Missing, this issue was ignored because of conflicts between the organizations concerned about the decree of the Minister of Justice Chakib Crdobawi or the law issued by the Chamber of Deputies. Between the decree and the law, the issue of missing was lost and so forth, because most of these organizations captive foreign agendas, and do not reflect the priorities and objectives of an accurate diagnosis of the situation of the political and economic development in Lebanon. Rather, they often implement the priorities of the funding agency and its policy, the fact that which requires reconsidering the programs and plans and opening a dialogue with funders about the priorities that we see in the stubborn struggle against sectarianism and against all its implications, because when sectarianism overthrows Lebanon’s vitality and unity and tears its social structure, there will be no foothold neither for defenders of human rights or anti-violence and torture in Lebanon nor even for a singer to sing “Alataba”.
All the facts on the ground indicate a scheme of tearing the national and social unity of Lebanon. In addition, instead of considering the protests of the Arab peoples as a catalyst for the promotion of civil peace and the promotion of the national unity and the principles of human rights and the abolition of sectarianism and all forms of discrimination against women, we witness attempts conducted to knock all activism and social gains and bring Lebanon years back as it was governed by sectarian instincts. In this way, the central unified state would be resolved and replaced by farms of consolidated group, in a consistent way with what is planned in the Arab obscurantism projects. The Lebanese government is in danger, which imposes on us as civilian humanitarian, democratic agencies, as trade unions and organizations, as intellectuals and members of the media and artists, to rise up and stand up for our country, to Lebanon and its unity so as not to be our fate dragged in the streets like the Egyptian citizen Hamada.

This requires the re-consideration of the principles of human rights and the values of justice, democracy and the engagement in all democratic and humanitarian struggles in order to establish a civil resistance democracy against sectarianism and its projects and symbols and against all attempts to create chaos and doctrinal hysteria which threatens the unity of Lebanon in order to favorise the birth of a real Lebanese spring whose address is to the abolishment of sectarianism, the criminalization of violenc and torture and the devoteness of the citizenship.

7/2/2013 Khiam Rehabilitation Center
for Victims of Torture

Summary of the medical and social
report for the year 2012

The Centre continued in the year 2012 its health, social, professional and media support for the victims of torture and maintined its advocacy activities for all civil and social issues. It sustained the rejection of the political repression and arrests in the Arab countries and the world.

The total number of beneficiaries from the services of the center, including former detainees, families of the missing and prisoners and Syrians refugees was 362, one hundred of which suffered from chronic diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, depression, back pain, bone and head pain... Etc.

The number of medical consultations in Beit Al Asir in Dersrian was 187 cases. 3 medical days and 3 medical seminars were carried out, in addition to the celebration of different occasions.

The center also organized 11 health and social meeting for mothers of the missing in the center of Beirut, benefiting 105 cases, and found out that they suffer from a variety of chronic disease: high blood pressure, diabetes, heart diseases, blood lipids. The center also held 10 meetings to relieve psychological suffering.

The center also performed several visits to women's prisons of which 92 prisoners benefited. 42 prisoners of which benefited from imaging techniques for diagnosis (for ex. ECHO). The most commonly diagnosed diseases were skin diseases, back pain, head and joints, anemia ... etc. The Centre organized 22 medical days of which 177 women have benefited. The center also organised 6 vocational trainings in addition to the recreational activities and the psychological and vocational training involving 37 prisoners who particiapted in sessions of hair dresssing and handicraft for women (in the framework of the NSA and Violence against women projects).

The Centre organized several protests around prison Roumieh and other Lebanese prisons in cooperation with the Committee of the families of the detainees in which it demanded the formation of a draft decree for the reforms of

the prisons and the acceleration of the trials and the prohibition of torture and the punishment of the perpetrators.

The center also sent four documents for the 19th session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva on the health situation in the prisons, on George Ibrahim Abdallah, on human rights abuses in Lebanon. In addition, the Secretary-General delivered a speech to the Center of the Council called for the release of the prisoner George Ibrahim Abdallah.

In the 21st Session of the Human Rights Council, the center sent four documents under the following headings:
- Freedom to human rights defenders in the Arab Emirates
- Freedom to Nabeel Rajab
- Bahrain: the prison of human rights defenders
- Lebanon a place of kidnapping and abduction and counter-abduction.

The center also organized two workshops on human rights in Bahrain and the Middle East with the participation of associations and rehabilitation centers for torture victims.

The Center has issued a number of statements about the missing and kidnappings and counter-kidnapping,Palestinian detainee, escape from Roumieh prison, the International Day for Human Rights and George Ibrahim Abdallah. The center issued a pamphlet under the title: the forgotten prisoner - George Ibrahim Abdallah. The Center participated in several Arab and international conferences in solidarity with political prisoners and against isolation prisons.

In addition, a ceremony took place in the honor of Mohammed Safa, the secretary-general of the center at the UNESCO Palace, during which he was elected secretary general of the safety net for the rehabilitation and defense of human rights.

7/2/2013 Khiam rehabilitation center
For victims of Torture